Category : CNA

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Course Status: Course Price: Free

CNA Module 8: Patient Care Skills

These modules are free for all our YAYA CNA students. If you are a current YAYA student, please contact us to we can provide you with free access to these courses.

Statement of Purpose: The purpose of this unit is to teach the students skills needed to support and/or assist the patient/resident in the areas of personal hygiene, an area of activities of daily living, and elimination. Personal hygiene or personal care is generally performed independently. The Nurse Assistant should assist with or perform personal care only when patients/residents are unable to perform a skill for themselves. Other activities included in this module are the use of prosthetic devices, bowel and bladder retraining, and weighing and measuring the height of the patient/resident.


1. Abrasion

2. Aspiration

3. Axilla

4. Catheter

5. Colostomy

6. Constipation

7. Cyanosis

8. Decubitus ulcer

9. Defecation

10. Dermis

11. Diarrhea

12. Elimination

13. Epidermis

14. Erythema

15. Eschar

16. Excoriation

17. Fecal

18. Feces

19. Flatulence

20. Hour of sleep (h.s.)

21. Ileostomy

22. Impaction

23. Incontinence

24. Jejunostomy

25. Neuropathy

26. Nits

27. Oral hygiene

28. Osteomyelitis

29. Ostomy

30. Perineum/Perineal

31. Pressure sore

32. Prosthesis

33. Stoma

34. Stool

35. Urinal

36. Urinary incontinence

37. Urination

38. Urine


Performance Standards (Objectives): Upon completion of fourteen (14) hours of class plus homework assignments and forty (40) hours of clinical experience, the learner will be able to:

1. Define key terminology

2. Identify and assist patients/residents with daily routine care, promoting independence and dignity BATHING and FOOT CARE

3. Identify the benefits of bathing and list five areas of the body that require bathing daily

4. Describe the procedure for bathing patients/residents and safety guidelines ORAL HYGIENE

5. List purposes and schedule for oral hygiene

6. Describe the procedure of oral hygiene and denture care for a patient/resident needing assistance, and for the unconscious individual NAIL CARE, HAIR CARE, SHAVING

7. Identify the Nurse Assistant role and responsibility for patient/resident nail care

8. Identify the Nurse Assistant role and responsibility for caring for the hair of patients/residents

9. Describe the procedure for shaving a patient/resident SKIN CARE

10. List ways to maintain healthy skin and identify at-risk patients.

11. Describe causes, signs and symptoms, and staging of pressure sores.

12. Describe general nursing measures to prevent and treat pressure sores DRESSING THE PATIENT/RESIDENT

13. Describe general guidelines for selecting and caring for patient’s/resident’s clothing

14. Discuss the rationale for use of street clothes and guidelines for dressing or undressing a patient/resident URINARY AND BOWEL ELIMINATION

15. Describe the usual frequency pattern for urination

16. List the observations to be made about urine

17. Describe urinary incontinence and the need for immediate care

18. Describe the purpose and general rules of care for urinary catheters

19. Describe the goals and methods for bowel and bladder training

20. Describe the normal pattern of bowel movements and reportable observations

21. Explain the purpose of an ostomy and the care of patients/residents with an ostomy MEASURING HEIGHT AND WEIGHT

22. Describe the procedures for weighing and measuring the height of the patient/resident PROSTHETIC DEVICES

23. Describe common prosthetic devices and their care (artificial limbs, contact lenses, dentures, eyeglasses and hearing aids)

24. Describe the application, removal, and care for “behind the ear” hearing aids

Course Materials

Course Lessons

Type Lesson Title Time Status
Module 8: Patient Care Skills Lesson
Module 8: Patient Care Skills Quiz